Common Names: To Cap or Not to Cap?

I’m hoping one of my smarter readers (i.e. all of you) can help me out. I’ve noticed that some publications capitalize common names of arthropods and others do not. Is this a personal preference or is there a rule defined somewhere? If there is indeed a rule, are there any exceptions?

Here are two (fake) examples I just made up to explain what I’m referring to:

Non-capitalized common name:

Pachycondyla villosa is commonly known as the hairy panther ant.

Capitalized common name:

Growing to over 40 mm in length, the Giant Bull Ant of Australia mainly eat nectar and honeydew.

Leave me a comment. I’d love to hear your thoughts on this matter.

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